Doctrinal Statement – Angelology

I. The Nature of Angels

A. Created Beings – I believe that angels are not eternal beings (like God) but were created by God (Neh. 9:6; Ps. 148:2-5; Col 1:16).
B. Spiritual Beings – I believe that angels are spirits (Heb. 1:14) and cannot be seen by man unless God gives him a special ability to see them (Luke 24:39).
C. Personal Beings (Personhood) – The personality of angels is seen by their self-awareness (Luke 1:18), their emotions (Luke 5:10; Rev. 12:12), their intelligence (Ezekiel 28:12), and they are referred to with masculine personal pronouns (Dan. 9:21).
D. Names
– Scripture refers to angels with the following names:

1. Sons of God – Job 1:6; 2:1
2. Holy ones – Ps. 89:5, 7
3. Spirits – Heb. 1:14
4. Authorities – Col 1:16
5. Powers – Eph. 1:21

E. Relationship to Humans – Angels and the human race are separate creations. Unlike man, angels are not created in the image of God and have the following important distinctions:

1. Angels possess special abilities and intelligence (Gen 19:1; 2 Pet. 2:11).
2. Angels are in some ways superior to the human race (Ps. 8:4-5).
3. Angels cannot be redeemed (Matt 25:41).
4. Angels do not marry (Matt 22:30).

II. Types of Angels

A. Holy (Elect) Angels

1. Cherubim – These beings are found guarding the entrance to the Garden of Eden (Gen. 3:24), represented on the Ark of the Covenant (Ex. 25:22), and in the presence of God (Ps 18:10; Ezek. 10:1ff).
2. Seraphim – They are mentioned only in Isa. 6:2-7 where they worship the Lord continually, calling to one another “Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts…”
3. Living Creatures – These beings are found around God’s throne having the appearance of a lion, an ox, a man and an eagle (Ezek. 1:5-14; Rev. 4:6-8).

B. Evil (Non-Elect) Angels

1. Their Fall – Evil angels are those who rebelled against God apparently shortly after the creation week (Gen. 1:31). Satan is the leader of these angels (Matt. 25:41).
2. Their Present State – Satan and his demonic host are actively opposing God though they are still under His sovereign control (Job 1:7-12).
3. Their Future – Satan has been judged (Genesis 3) and will be sentenced, along with the rest of the non-elect angels, to the Lake of Fire (Rev. 20:10). It appears that there are already some angels in the Lake of Fire (1 Pet. 2:4).

III. The Function of Angels

A. To Glorify God – Angels are seen throughout Scripture bringing praise and worship to God (Ps. 103:20; Isa. 6:2-3; Rev. 4:8).
B. To be Examples to Us – I believe that angels serve as examples to us in matters of obedience (Matt. 6:10) and worship (Rev. 5:11-12).
C. To Carry out Various Aspects of God’s Plans

1. As messengers – Luke 1:11-19; Acts 8:26; 10:3-8
2. To mete out judgment – 2 Sam. 24:16-17; 2 Chron. 32:21; Acts 12:23
3. To wage war against Satan and his host – Dan 10:13; Rev. 12:7-8

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3 Responses to Doctrinal Statement – Angelology

  1. Jamie Sink says:

    I appreciate the work you have put into your site. Great post on Angelology; I look forward to checking out some of your other posts.

    #3 under non-elect angels – Check the reference to (1 Peter 2:4); I believe it is (2 Pet. 2:4). Do you believe these angels are in the lake of fire (final hell) or maybe in Tartarus? The Greek word used is ταρταρωσας (tartarosas) and is not used elsewhere in the N.T., but is in the O.T. (Job 30:16; 40:20; 41:23). “Tartarus is the name given to a murky abyss beneath Hades in which the sins of fallen immortals are punished” (R.H. Strachan, Expositor’s Greek Testament, V, p. 135). Jude 6 seems to indicate a place of confinement beneath Hades for some of the wicked angels who will be judged at the GWT and then cast into the Lake of Fire. Just food for thought!


  2. Im a little confused with the Ezra 28:12 verse, seeing as there are only ten chapters in Ezera. But otherwise this webpage has been an useful outline for making my doctrinal statements. Thanks.

    • debese says:

      I’m going to go out on a limb and say that was supposed to be Ezekiel. That was missed my proof-readers and the group of pastors on my ordination council. There should be a prize. :-)

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