I. The Nature of Angels
A. Created Beings – I believe that angels are not eternal beings (like God) but were created by God (Neh. 9:6; Ps. 148:2-5; Col 1:16).
B. Spiritual Beings – I believe that angels are spirits (Heb. 1:14) and cannot be seen by man unless God gives him a special ability to see them (Luke 24:39).
C. Personal Beings (Personhood) – The personality of angels is seen by their self-awareness (Luke 1:18), their emotions (Luke 5:10; Rev. 12:12), their intelligence (Ezekiel 28:12), and they are referred to with masculine personal pronouns (Dan. 9:21).
D. Names – Scripture refers to angels with the following names:
1. Sons of God – Job 1:6; 2:1
2. Holy ones – Ps. 89:5, 7
3. Spirits – Heb. 1:14
4. Authorities – Col 1:16
5. Powers – Eph. 1:21
E. Relationship to Humans – Angels and the human race are separate creations. Unlike man, angels are not created in the image of God and have the following important distinctions:
1. Angels possess special abilities and intelligence (Gen 19:1; 2 Pet. 2:11).
2. Angels are in some ways superior to the human race (Ps. 8:4-5).
3. Angels cannot be redeemed (Matt 25:41).
4. Angels do not marry (Matt 22:30).
II. Types of Angels
A. Holy (Elect) Angels
1. Cherubim – These beings are found guarding the entrance to the Garden of Eden (Gen. 3:24), represented on the Ark of the Covenant (Ex. 25:22), and in the presence of God (Ps 18:10; Ezek. 10:1ff).
2. Seraphim – They are mentioned only in Isa. 6:2-7 where they worship the Lord continually, calling to one another “Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts…”
3. Living Creatures – These beings are found around God’s throne having the appearance of a lion, an ox, a man and an eagle (Ezek. 1:5-14; Rev. 4:6-8).
B. Evil (Non-Elect) Angels
1. Their Fall – Evil angels are those who rebelled against God apparently shortly after the creation week (Gen. 1:31). Satan is the leader of these angels (Matt. 25:41).
2. Their Present State – Satan and his demonic host are actively opposing God though they are still under His sovereign control (Job 1:7-12).
3. Their Future – Satan has been judged (Genesis 3) and will be sentenced, along with the rest of the non-elect angels, to the Lake of Fire (Rev. 20:10). It appears that there are already some angels in the Lake of Fire (1 Pet. 2:4).
III. The Function of Angels
A. To Glorify God – Angels are seen throughout Scripture bringing praise and worship to God (Ps. 103:20; Isa. 6:2-3; Rev. 4:8).
B. To be Examples to Us – I believe that angels serve as examples to us in matters of obedience (Matt. 6:10) and worship (Rev. 5:11-12).
C. To Carry out Various Aspects of God’s Plans
1. As messengers – Luke 1:11-19; Acts 8:26; 10:3-8
2. To mete out judgment – 2 Sam. 24:16-17; 2 Chron. 32:21; Acts 12:23
3. To wage war against Satan and his host – Dan 10:13; Rev. 12:7-8